Red-vented Bulbul

Pycnonotus cafer

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Code 4

RVBU

Code 6

PYCCAF

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Red-vented Bulbul is native to Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Indian subcontinent, Burma, and parts of southern China. It has also been successfully introduced to Dubai, the United Arab Emirates, New Zealand and several Pacific islands including the Hawaiian archipelago. It forages for insects, fruits and flower nectar in a variety of open woodland and scrub habitats including residential areas. The Red-vented Bulbul is common and considered to be an agricultural pest on Oahu. It also occurs on the islands of Molokai and Hawaii. Despite capture for the cagebird trade, it is increasing in many parts of its range and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

SUMMARY

Overview

Red-vented Bulbul: This bird is native from Pakistan to China, and has brown to black upperparts and breast. It has a shiny black head, small crest, buff belly, white rump and upper tail coverts, and red under tail coverts. It has a white-tipped, brown-black tail, and brown-black legs and feet. It feeds mostly on soft fruits, berries, seeds and nectar. Strong and direct flight. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat

Red-vented Bulbul: A small flock was seen on O'ahu in 1966. Now numerous and found in many types of habitats throughout most of O'ahu. Has also been recorded in central Molokai and coastal areas of the island Hawaii. Prefers lower level residential, agricultural, and scrubland. Also resides in native forests.

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Red-vented Bulbul SONGS AND CALLS

Red-vented Bulbul E1

"Peet-wit-wit" call.

Red-vented Bulbul E2

"Peep" and "peep-a-lo" calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Wheet-wheet-ear", "PEEP", "peep-peep-peep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Red-vented Bulbul was first descibed in 1766 by Carolus Linnaeus.
  • On Oahu they eat the orange morphs of the Monarch butterfly, causing a rise in the white morph population over the last twenty years.
  • The word bulbul may have come from a Turkish or Persian word for nightingale.
  • They are considered agricultural pests because they damage fruit crops. In Hawaii, they also feed on cultivated dendrobium orchids. Ziram and methiocarb have been spread as repellents, however the bulbuls learn to avoid them.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Tail covertsX
The short tail feathers covering the base of the long tail feathers.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X