Oahu Amakihi

Chlorodrepanis flava




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with red to dark brown markings.

Number of Eggs:

2 - 3

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Built in native and non native trees.

Nest Material:

Grass, tree fern fibers, twigs, rootlets.





Oahu Amakihi: Small honeycreeper with yellow-green upperparts. Yellow throat, breast and belly, dull towards flanks and vent. Face has black lores; short, downcurved bill is black to brown. Female more dull than male, more green upperparts, shading on underparts olive-yellow, off-white undertail coverts, dark gray lores, narrow yellow supraloral line; upperwing coverts broad, pale-buff with white tips. Juvenile like female with gray-green on back; off-white underparts streaked with yellow on the breast; loral line and wing bars are white.

Range and Habitat

Oahu Amakihi: This species is endemic only to the Hawaiian island of Oahu. It is found in wet, high elevation forests, and also in drier habitats in the Wai'anae Mountain Range. This bird can be found in both native forests and also in lower elevation forests, which largely consist of introduced plant species.

Breeding and Nesting

Oahu Amakihi: These birds nest in urban areas where enough trees grow. Two to three white eggs with red to dark brown irregular markings are laid in a cup-shaped nest built of twigs, rootlets, mosses, bark and leaves. The female incubates the eggs for 14 days. The chicks fledge 18 days after hatching.

Foraging and Feeding

Oahu Amakihi: Their diet includes nectar, fruit, insects and other arthropods. They forage on the leaves and flowers of many types of trees for a variety of insects, including grubs and caterpillars; less often they creep on trunks and branches. They probe into leaf clusters and axils and glean insects from the undersides of leaves and phyllodes. They also search folds of dead leaves for insects.


Oahu Amakihi: Song is a variable flat trill, sounds like a quickly repeated "chee". Call is a buzzy "tswe-et" and a squeaky "chip".

Similar Species

Oahu Amakihi: Japanese White-eye has a bold white eye ring and a shorter, straighter bill. Saffron Finch has a smaller, conical bill.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X