Kauai Amakihi

Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

KAAM

Code 6

HEMKAU

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red to dark brown markings.



Number of Eggs:

1 - 4



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Built in non blooming ohia trees.



Nest Material:

Roots, twigs, moss, bark and leaf fragments, ferns, and lichens.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



SPONSORED ADVERTISEMENTS

General

Kauai Amakihi: Small honeycreeper, olive-green above and pale yellow to cream-gray below. Face has brown lores and pale yellow supercilium. Chin and throat are pale yellow, wings and tail are gray. Medium length pale horn colored, sickle-shaped bill that is more black on the culmen and tip, paler at base; legs dark horn to purple-gray. Iris is dark brown. Sexes are similar; female less yellow, shorter bill. Juveniles resemble female but are duller. On Maui and Molokai, female is a duller gray-green, but is greener on Hawaii.

Range and Habitat

Kaua'i Amakihi: Endemic to Kauai. They may be found in ohia and mixed ohia-koa forests, but typically prefer elevations above 2000'. They also occur in the Alaka’i Wilderness Preserve and Koke’e State Park, and there is also an isolated population in the Makaleha Mountains. Usually found among the treetops in forests at elevations above 600 meters.

Breeding and Nesting

Kauai Amakihi: Breeding ranges from March to July. One to four white eggs with red to dark brown uneven markings are laid in a cup-shaped nest built by both sexes out of ohia twigs and aerial roots, mosses, bark and leaves. The female incubates the eggs for 14 days. The male provides food for the female during nest building and incubation. The chicks fledge 18 days after hatching.

Foraging and Feeding

Kauai Amakihi: They feed on insects and other arthropods, nectar, the juices and pulp of fruit, and sap from fluxes in trees. They forage on the trunks and limbs of the Ohia and other trees. They feed on the berries of akia, the flowers of passion fruit and introduced blackberry, and the blossoms of the Methley plum tree. They have a fully tubular tongue and decurved bill adapted for nectar-feeding.

Vocalization

Kauai Amakihi: Song is a variable flat trill, sounds like a quickly repeated "chee". Call is a buzzy "tseet" and a squeaky "chip".

Similar Species

Kauai Amakihi: Anianiau is brighter yellow overall and smaller.

.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CulmenX
The uppermost central ridge of the upper mandible.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
SuperciliumX
Also called the superciliary, it is the arch of feathers over the eye.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X