White-rumped Shama

Copsychus malabaricus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Code 4

WRSH

Code 6

COPMAL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale blue-green, heavily marked with red-brown splotches.



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

12 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Nest is 6 to 20 feet above the ground in the cavity of a tree.



Nest Material:

Leaves, grass, and twigs.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

White-rumped Shama: Native to Southeast Asia. Glossy blue-black head, nape, back and upper breast. Wings and tail are black. Rump and outer tail feathers are white. Belly and lower breast are rufous. Bill is black. Sexes are similar; female has shorter tail, is not glossy, and is duller in color; underparts rufous-orange without chestnut tone. Juvenile has brown upperparts with cinnamon spots and two wing bars; underparts are pale and mottled. Rump and outer tail feathers are white; tail close to full length after one month.

Range and Habitat

White-rumped Shama: Introduced to Kauai in 1931, Oahu in 1940 and Maui in the late 1900s in an effort to supplement the native fauna. They also occur on Molokai and Lanai. They are commonly found in valley forests and on the ridges of the southern Ko'olaus. Indigenous to Southeast Asia, India, and some Indonesian Islands.

Breeding and Nesting

White-rumped Shama: Three to five pale blue-green eggs, heavily marked with red-brown splotches, are laid in the cavity of a tree. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female. Chicks fledge 12 to 13 days after hatching.

Foraging and Feeding

White-rump Shama: These birds tend to prefer undergrowth and shady ravines, where they forage on the ground and in the lower strata for arthropods. They primarily feed on insects such ants, grasshoppers, caterpillars and other small creatures, which they pick up on the ground or among the bushes using a short, jerky run. Occasionally, they will eat worms, fruit and berries.

Vocalization

White-rumped Shama: Song is loud, clear, and melodious, males sing throughout the year, females sing during breeding season. Known to mimic other species. Responds to disturbances with a "tck" call.

Similar Species

White-rumped Shama: Not likely to be confused with any other species.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X