Kalij Pheasant

Lophura leucomelanos




Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

6 - 9

Incubation Days:

20 - 23

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Shallow scrape on the ground.

Nest Material:

Scrape lined with leaves.





Kalij Pheasant: Male is amongst the most variable pheasants. Glossy blue-black overall, face has bright red wattles. Has a long crest and scarlet face wattles. Crest, breast and sides have long white to gray-brown feathers. Feathers from mid-back to rump edged in white giving a scalloped appearance; tail is long and black. Legs are pale brown, green or gray. Female has brown crest and body. Juvenile is dark brown, head is rufous with dark ear coverts. Upperparts mottled brown, black and rufous, underparts are lighter brown.

Range and Habitat

Kalij Pheasant: This species is a native of South Asia from northern India to Thailand and was introduced to Hawaii in 1962. It is found only on the Big Island, where it inhabits forests between 1000' and 7500' above sea level. It can also be seen regularly on the edges of Mauna Loa, Hualalai, and Mauna Kea.

Breeding and Nesting

Kalij Pheasant: These pheasants can be both monogamous and polygamous. During breeding season, the male performs courtship displays as well as calls and other sounds. Six to nine cream eggs are laid in a shallow scrape lined with leaves. The female incubates the eggs for 20 to 23 days. The male takes no part in protecting the nest but may rejoin the family after the chicks hatch.

Foraging and Feeding

Kalij Pheasant: These pheasants are omnivorous, feeding on diverse food items such as bamboo seeds, small snakes, figs, forest yams, acorns, layer pellets, grains, leaves, seeds, insects, ripe fruits and the roots of a ginger-like plant. They have a special fondness for termites. They forage along roadsides and in clearings and forests.


Kalij Pheasant: Male has a crowing call and courtship call is a shrill pig-like squeal. Both sexes utter low grunting noises.

Similar Species

Kalij Pheasant: Not likely to be confused with any other species.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X