Kalij Pheasant

Lophura leucomelanos

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

KAPH

Code 6

LOPLEU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Kalij Pheasant has a large range, which is globally estimated to be between one million and ten million square kilometers. Native to China, India, Thailand, Pakistan, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan and introduced to the island of Hawaii, this bird prefers Subtropical or Tropical Moist Forest or Shrubland habitats, though it can reside on arable land. The population of the bird has not been determined fully, but the presence of the bird is described as frequent in many of its native areas. The Kalij Pheasant does not currently meet the criteria for the IUCN Red List and thus has an evaluation level of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Kalij Pheasant: Native to India and Pakistan, this bird is glossy blue-black overall with red wattles. Crest, breast and sides have long white to gray-brown feathers. Mid-back to rump feathers are edged in white; long black tail, tan legs and feet. Feeds on seeds and plants. Swift direct flap-and-glide flight. Males are dark metallic blues, gray, black or a blend. Females are brown or gray-brown.


Range and Habitat

Kalij Pheasant: This species is a native of South Asia from northern India to Thailand and was introduced to Hawaii in 1962. It is found only on the Big Island, where it inhabits forests between 1000' and 7500' above sea level. It can also be seen regularly on the edges of Mauna Loa, Hualalai, and Mauna Kea.

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Kalij Pheasant SONGS AND CALLS

Kalij Pheasant I1

Squeaky calls, similar to a guinea pig.

Kalij Pheasant QQ1

High-pitched alarm calls from a flushed female.

Similar Sounding

Ring-necked Pheasant 1

Harsh "craack-cuc" crows and "cuttcuttcutt" alarm calls as bird is flushed.


INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Kalij Pheasant is native to the foothills of the Himalayas and was first introduced to Hawaii in 1962.
  • Many of the juvenile males stay with the parents and help raise the next brood.
  • They were first described in 1790 by the English naturalist John Latham.
  • A group of pheasants has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "brace", "plume", "plump", and "trip" of pheasants.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X