White Ibis

Eudocimus albus




Ibises and Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Blue to green-white

Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:

21 - 22

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

7-15 feet above the ground usually over water in a tree.

Nest Material:



Some migrate



White Ibis: This coastal species is white overall with pink facial skin, bill, and legs that turn scarlet during breeding season. Black tips on the primary feathers are only seen in flight. Flies in straight line formation with neck and legs outstretched, roosts high in trees and bushes at night. Sexes are similar and juvenile has brown upperparts with white underparts and rump.

Range and Habitat

White Ibis: Prefers coastal salt marshes, swamps, and mangroves. Found along the Gulf Coast, mid-Atlantic coast, and the western coast of Mexico, including the Baja Peninsula. Has become common in some city parks. Breeds as far north as Virginia and may occur casually as far north as New Jersey, the mid-west and Southwest.

Breeding and Nesting

White Ibis: Two to four pale blue to green-white eggs with brown blotches laid in a nest made of sticks and reeds by the female with materials gathered by the male. Usually in a tree over water. Monogamous and usually nests in colonies with other wading birds.

Foraging and Feeding

White Ibis: Eats mainly aquatic crustaceans and insects. Forages by probing in shallow water with their long, decurved bills.


White Ibis: The call of the male is a "hunk-hunk-hunk-hunk" and the female squeals.

Similar Species

White Ibis: Wood Stork is larger, has a dark bill and more black in the wings. Egrets lack black wingtips and have straight bills.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X