Cinnamon Hummingbird

Amazilia rutila

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

CIHU

Code 6

AMARUT

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

13 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

3-16 feet above the ground in a tree or shrub.



Nest Material:

Plant fibers, spiderwebs, lichens.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Medium size, bicolored hummingbird with bronze green upperparts and cinnamon colored underparts. The tail is square, rufous with gold-green edging. This promiscuous bird attracts a female by flying back and forth like a swing. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Accidental in southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. Common in native Mexico to Central America, particularly along coastal regions. Found in a wide variety of habitats at low elevations, such as plantations, scrublands with thorns, arid areas, woodland edges, and grassy fields and pastures.

Breeding and Nesting

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a tidy cup of fern tree scales and seed down, covered with lichen and bound with spider webbing. Nest is built by female 3 to 16 feet above ground in a tree or shrub. Female incubates eggs for 13-15 days, altricial young fly between 14 and 23 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Feeds and perches low to high. Visits flowering shrubs, trees, and epiphytes. Aggressive near feeding areas, may defend feeding territory.

Vocalization

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Buzzy "tzzipp" and high pitched "tsi si si-si-sit" or "chi-chi-chi chi chi", lower and faster toward end.

Similar Species

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Buff-bellied Hummingbird has a rufous tail, green chin, throat, and breast, and buff belly and undertail coverts. Berylline Hummingbird has deep green upperparts and underparts, and rufous-chestnut wings, tail, and rump.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X