Cinnamon Hummingbird

Amazilia rutila

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

CIHU

Code 6

AMARUT

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

13 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

3-16 feet above the ground in a tree or shrub.



Nest Material:

Plant fibers, spiderwebs, lichens.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Medium size, bicolored hummingbird with bronze green upperparts and cinnamon colored underparts. The tail is square, rufous with gold-green edging. Sexes are similar except male has black-tipped bill while the female has a dark maxilla (upper bill), darker throat, and lighter underparts. Juvenile is much duller overall, with secondaries, rump, and uppertail coverts edged rufous, and an all-dark bill.

Range and Habitat

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Accidental in southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. Common in native Mexico to Central America, particularly along coastal regions. Found in a wide variety of habitats at low elevations, such as plantations, scrublands with thorns, arid areas, woodland edges, and grassy fields and pastures.

Breeding and Nesting

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a tidy cup of fern tree scales and seed down, covered with lichen and bound with spider webbing. Nest is built by female 3 to 16 feet above ground in a tree or shrub. Female incubates eggs for 13-15 days, altricial young fly between 14 and 23 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Feeds and perches low to high. Visits flowering shrubs, trees, and epiphytes. Aggressive near feeding areas, may defend feeding territory.

Vocalization

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Buzzy "tzzipp" and high pitched "tsi si si-si-sit" or "chi-chi-chi chi chi", lower and faster toward end.

Similar Species

Cinnamon Hummingbird: Buff-bellied Hummingbird has a rufous tail, green chin, throat, and breast, and buff belly and undertail coverts. Berylline Hummingbird has deep green upperparts and underparts, and rufous-chestnut wings, tail, and rump.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
SecondariesX
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X