Tropical Parula

Setophaga pitiayumi

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

TRPA

Code 6

SETPIT

ITIS

Egg Color:

Creamy white with small brown spots at large end



Number of Eggs:

3 - 4



Incubation Days:

10 - 12



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

8 - 40 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Bark, mosses, roots, grasses, hair, feathers



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Tropical Parula: Small warbler with blue-gray upperparts, dark black mask (usually without white eye-rings), yellow chin, throat, breast, and upper belly with a diffused orange breast band, and white lower belly and undertail coverts; wings show two white bars. Female is duller, shows only faint breast band, and lacks dark mask. Juvenile resembles female but lacks breast band.

Range and Habitat

Tropical Parula: Breeds from southernmost Texas and northwest Mexico south through Central America to northern Argentina, including Trinidad and Tobago. This widespread and common species is not considered threatened by the IUCN. Prefers thick riparian woods abundant in Spanish moss, and pre-montane forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Tropical parula: Three to four white eggs with brown spots at the large end, are laid in a nest of bark, moss, grass and hair, lined with feathers and set in pockets of Spanish moss or hanging on vines eight to forty feet above the ground.

Foraging and Feeding

Tropical parula: Eats bees, wasps, flies, caterpillars, and some berries.

Vocalization

Tropical parula: Song is an insect-like buzzing.

Similar Species

Tropical Parula: Northern Parula has a breast band, broken eye ring, lighter face, white belly.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
RiparianX
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X