Hawfinch

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

HAWF

Code 6

COCCOT

ITIS

Egg Color:

Green with black brown marks at large end



Number of Eggs:

3 - 7



Incubation Days:

11 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

6 - 20 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Roots, twigs, lichen and hair



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Hawfinch: Stocky finch with a huge blue-gray conical bill that turns yellow in winter. Yellow-buff head, black chin, throat and mask, pink-buff underparts, dark red- brown upperparts, gray neck and white tipped brown tail. Females are similar but duller. Juveniles have yellow bills, gray-brown upperparts, buff-brown underparts with mottling and streaking.

Range and Habitat

Hawfinch: Native of Europe and Asia. Mostly restricted to England in the UK, and have declined in many areas. Parts of western England near the Welsh Borders, the Home Counties and the south-east from Hampshire to Kent remain the most likely places to find them. Move south in the winter. Accidental in Alaska during the spring. Prefers deciduous or mixed forests and parkland.

Breeding and Nesting

Hawfinch: Prefers wooded areas with large trees. Lays three to seven green eggs with black brown marks at larger end, in a nest of sticks, lichen and twigs lined with hair and rootlets, built in a tree or bush.

Foraging and Feeding

Hawfinch: Eats mainly seeds and fruit kernels, especially cherries. Forages on ground and in canopies of trees.

Vocalization

Hawfinch: Emits a loud strong single note.

Similar Species

Hawfinch: Unlikely to be confused with any other species in its range.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X