Eared Quetzal

Euptilotis neoxenus




Trogons (Trogonidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale blue

Number of Eggs:


Incubation Days:

17 - 21

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

Tree cavities

Nest Material:





Eared Quetzal: Small headed with long, broad tail. Black head, black-green back and breast, black-blue tail. Bright red belly, dark bill. Female has gray head, throat, and breast, shows less red on belly.

Range and Habitat

Eared Quetzal: Breeds in the Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico south to western Michoacán. Sometimes seen as a vagrant to southeastern most Arizona, and has bred there. Range includes part of the Madrean Sky Islands region of southeastern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and northern Sonora. Resident of streamside pine-oak woodlands, oak-conifer forests and canyons.

Breeding and Nesting

Eared Quetzal: Monogamous and solitary. Both adults excavate or use pre-existing cavity in tree or snag. Female lays two pale blue eggs. Incubation by both sexes, 17 to 21 days. Altricial young tended to by both adults, fledge after 15 to 31 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Eared Quetzal: Sits motionless for extended periods of time. Sallies to snatch insects from vegetation or on the wing. Also eats fruit, particularly madrone berries. Occasionaly takes small vertebrates.


Eared Quetzal: Call high and shrill, ascending with distinct chuck at end "kweeeeeeee-chk." Song a lengthy whistle that rises in pitch and volume "fwee, fwee, fwee, feEErk, fwEErk."

Similar Species

Eared Quetzal: Elegant Trogon has pale yellow bill, red eyering, white breast band, and brown tail with black tip.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X