Gray-crowned Yellowthroat

Geothlypis poliocephala




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White to creamy white with red brown flecks

Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:

10 - 12

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Atop a hill in grassy area

Nest Material:

Wide grasses lined with finer grasses and hair





Gray-crowned Yellowthroat: Large, Neotropical warbler rarly seen in the U.S.; once a resident in lower Rio Grande in Texas. Upperparts are olive-brown to olive-gray, with grayer head, distinctive black mark between bill and eye, and broken white eye-ring. Upper mandible is black and lower mandible is pink. Underparts are yellow with gray wash on sides. Female is duller and has a browner head and less distinct, gray mark between eye and bill. Juvenile is paler olive-gray.

Range and Habitat

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat: It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and the United States. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and heavily degraded former forest. Prefers tall dense grasses with shrubs and low trees.

Breeding and Nesting

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat: Two to four white to creamy white eggs with red brown flecks are laid in a cup nest of thick grass lined with fine grasses and hair set atop a small grassy hillock. Female incubates for 10 to 12 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat: Eats seeds, berries and insects. Forages mostly at ground level.


Gray-crowned Yellowthroat: Low pitched, sharp trilling.

Similar Species

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat: Common Yellowthroat has thinner, darker straight bill, and male has a large black mask.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X