Buff-breasted Flycatcher

Empidonax fulvifrons

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

BBFL

Code 6

EMPFUL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Creamy white



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

14 - 16



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In the crotch of a branch next to a tree trunk.



Nest Material:

Bits of leaves and small roots held together with spiderwebs.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: Smallest Empidonax flycatcher; fresh adult has gray-brown upperparts and paler underparts washed with yellow and cinnamon. White eyering is distinct; two wingbars are white. Worn adult (summer) is duller overall. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is brighter, has buff instead of white wingbars, and appears more orange on breast and sides.

Range and Habitat

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: This species is a resident through much of Mexico. During breeding season, they wander as far north as central Arizona and western Texas. During winter, some individuals move to lower elevations. Their preferred habitats include open, pine-oak woodlands in mountain regions.

Breeding and Nesting

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: Three to five creamy white eggs laid in cup nest made of spiderwebs and bits of plant material located about 20 feet high against trunk of trees. Female incubates for 14-16 days. Both parents feed young until they leave the nest at 15-17 days old.

Foraging and Feeding

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: Sits on exposed branches and stems, darting out in short flights to catch flying insects. May occasionally drop to ground to grab insect.

Vocalization

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: Soft "pit" call. Song is "chee-lick" or "chee-lick-chou."

Similar Species

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: The larger Cordilleran Flycatcher lacks the brown tones and has more olive-green color. Also has a yellow belly.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X