Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Lapwings and Plovers (Charadriidae)

Code 4

LRPL

Code 6

CHADUB

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale yellow with small dark spots



Number of Eggs:

4



Incubation Days:

20 - 24



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On the ground.



Nest Material:

Nest is a simple shallow scrape, sometimes lined with plants or stones.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Little Ringed Plover: Small, slim plover with brown upperparts and white collar. Bill, lores, forehead, auriculars, and breast band dark, contrasting with white forecrown and white bar behind the dark crown. Conspicuous eye-ring is yellow; legs are dull pink-yellow. Does not show wing bar in flight. Sexes are similar. Winter adult and juvenile have brown instead of black on head and breast, and eye ring is duller.

Range and Habitat

Little Ringed Plover: Breeding habitat is open gravel areas near freshwater, including gravel pits, islands and river edges in Europe and western Asia. They are migratory, and winter in Africa. Casual to Aleutians in spring. Preferred habitats include sandy or rocky lakes shores, on migration mudflats.

Breeding and Nesting

Little Ringed Plover: Nests mainly on gravelly river banks, lake shores, or small islands, usually near fresh water. Lays four pale yellow eggs with small dark spots. Usually solitary, some may be semi-colonial with about 30 feet between nests. Uses "broken wing" feint to distract predators from eggs or chicks. Young fledge in 24-29 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Little Ringed Plover: Feeds on insects, spiders, and crustaceans found on tidal mud flats, shallow flood pools, open short grasslands, or even bare soil. Hesitant stop-run-peck, in a hunched position, usually higher up on the shore on drier sand or mud.

Vocalization

Little Ringed Plover: Common call is a mournful "preeuh". Alarm call is a strong "peek." In display flights, individuals emit a raspy "reeuh."

Similar Species

Little Ringed Plover: Common Ringed Plover and Semipalmated Plover are larger, lack yellow eye ring, have wider breast band, orange-yellow legs and feet, and orange bill with black tip.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X