Spectacled Eider

Somateria fischeri

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

SPEI

Code 6

SOMFIS

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Spectacled Eider is a large duck which lives on the sea, and prefers to breed along the coasts of Alaska and northeastern Siberia. Nests are cup-shaped and built on the tundra near to the sea. Food is retrieved by diving into the ocean, and diets consist of crustaceans and mollusks. Very little is known about the Spectacled Eider’s winter habitat, though satellite tracking has shown that some flocks are seen southwest of St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea at this time of year. This species is related to the Common Eider, and its conservation rating is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Spectacled Eider: Smallest of the Eiders, has orange bill, white upperparts, black underparts, breast, sides, black pointed tail, yellow-green head and large white "goggles" bordered with black. White feathers on the upper mandible extend past nostril. Rapid direct flight in straight line formation.


Range and Habitat

Spectacled Eider: This species breeds along the arctic coastal plains of eastern and northern Alaska, northeastern Siberia, and along the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. They prefer open, northern seas and tundra habitats. The entire population winters in the Bering Sea near St. Lawrence Island in large open areas of packed ice.

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Spectacled Eider SONGS AND CALLS

Spectacled Eider A1

Various calls from a group.

Spectacled Eider E1

Gutteral clucking calls from a feeding pair.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"hoo-hoo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Spectacled Eider was first described in 1847 by Johann Friedrich von Brandt, a German naturalist.
  • This bird is also known as Fischer’s Eider, which commemorates Johann Fischer von Waldheim, German anatomist and paleontologist.
  • A group of ducks has many collective nouns, including a "brace", "flush", "paddling", "raft", and "team" of ducks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X