Spectacled Eider

Somateria fischeri

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

SPEI

Code 6

SOMFIS

ITIS

Egg Color:

Olive buff to green



Number of Eggs:

1 - 8



Incubation Days:

24



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On the ground near water.



Nest Material:

Plant material and down.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Spectacled Eider: Smallest of the Eiders, has orange bill, white upperparts, black underparts, breast, and sides, black pointed tail, yellow-green head and large white "goggles" bordered with black. White feathers on upper mandible extend past nostril. Females are mottled brown overall with gray bill and juveniles resemble females.

Range and Habitat

Spectacled Eider: This species breeds along the arctic coastal plains of eastern and northern Alaska, northeastern Siberia, and along the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. They prefer open, northern seas and tundra habitats. The entire population winters in the Bering Sea near St. Lawrence Island in large open areas of packed ice.

Breeding and Nesting

Spectacled Eider: One to eight olive buff to green eggs are incubated 24 days by female in a nest of plant material lined with large amounts of down, built very close to the edges of tundra ponds.

Foraging and Feeding

Spectacled Eider: Feeds by diving into muddy waters of coastal estuaries for crustaceans, mollusks, and plant material.

Vocalization

Spectacled Eider: Breeding male utters a weak "ho-hoo" sound in courtship.

Similar Species

Spectacled Eider: Common Eider has a white breast and black crown. King Eider has large orange bill shield. Both lack "goggles"

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X