Bananaquit

Coereba flaveola

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Code 4

BANA

Code 6

COEFLA

ITIS

Egg Color:

Cream to buff with brown spots



Number of Eggs:

3



Incubation Days:



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Hanging from end of branch.



Nest Material:

Grasses, plant fibers



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Bananaquit: Small and short-tailed with short, decurved black bill. Bahamensis is gray-black above with white throat and yellow belly with bold white stripe over eyes. Rump is yellow. Legs and feet are black. Martinique has dark throat. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is duller.

Range and Habitat

Bananaquit: Common resident throughout the West Indies, and the Caribbean mainland from Southern Mexico south to southern Brazil and northeast Argentina. In Cuba, it is considered a vagrant. A rare visitor to southern Florida. Most numerous in settled districts and secondary growth. Common in and around gardens where exotic flowers are abundant.

Breeding and Nesting

Bananaquit: Territorial and presumably monogamous. Female builds a messy nest of grasses and plant fibers on edge of a branch. Globe nest is typically 5 - 30 feet above ground in a tree or shrub. Female lays three cream or buff eggs with brown spots. Female incubates for 12 - 13 days, both adults tend to altricial young until fledging at 15 - 18 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Bananaquit: Feeds on a varitey of nectar producing flowers, small insects, fruit, and occasionally tree sap. Will both pollinate flowers and rob nectar by piercing a hole in the base of the flower and sipping without pollinating. Visits syrup and sugar water feeders regularly.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water

Vocalization

Bananaquit: Call is a "tsip" note. Song varies among subspecies from a high-pitched trill to a series of clicks and ticks, typically "ezeereezee, eyteer, eyteer, sizit, zet."

Similar Species

Bananaquit: No other bird in North America shows this combintation of field marks, particularly the decurved bill with red gape.

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X