Purple Sandpiper

Calidris maritima

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

PUSA

Code 6

CALMAR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Purple Sandpiper has a large range, estimated globally at 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 square kilometers. Native to Europe and North America, this bird prefers grassland, wetland, and marine ecosystems as well as rocky areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 170,000 to 220,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Purple Sandpiper is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Purple Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper, upperparts are scaled gray-brown, crown is dark, and white underparts are streaked. Bill is dark with a yellow base and slightly decurved. Wings have large white stripes visible in flight; tail has dark central stripe above and is white below.

 

Range and Habitat

Purple Sandpiper: Found along the rocky shorelines along the Atlantic Coast during the fall and winter months. Winter r range extends along the coast from Quebec to South Carolina, although it is rarely spotted as far south as Florida. Arrive at their wintering grounds from September to November and return to their breeding grounds in the northern Canadian Arctic in April or May.

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Purple Sandpiper SONGS AND CALLS

Purple Sandpiper P1

"Whit" calls as bird flushes.

Purple Sandpiper Y1

Song is a short, repeated "tulla tulla whee whee whee".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"wit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Purple Sandpiper has the northernmost winter range of any shorebird.
  • They are among the tamest of shorebirds and are very approachable.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X