Short-tailed Hawk

Buteo brachyurus

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

STHA

Code 6

BUTBRA

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Short-tailed Hawk has a large range, estimated globally at 14,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical forest and dry savanna ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 500,000 to 5,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Short-tailed Hawk is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Short-tailed Hawk: Small hawk of grass and woodland habitat in Florida. Occurs in two color morphs: Dark morph adult is uniformly dark brown with thin dark bands on a dull white tail. In flight shows white flight feathers with thin dark bands and dark wingtips. The light morph has white underparts.


Range and Habitat

Short-tailed Hawk: Resident in tropical and subtropical Mexico south to Brazil and Argentina. May wander further north to breed, into southeast Arizona, southwest New Mexico, and locally in the lower Rio Grande Valley. Also occurs in Florida. Found in a wide variety of mixed woodland and grassland habitats.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"keeee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Short-tailed Hawk is a rare bird in Florida, although it is not on the Endangered Species list.
  • It is easily identified by its solid color underparts (dark or light depending on phase) and striped wing and tail feathers.
  • The bird’s range also includes central Mexico south to the Andes and Chile.
  • A group of hawks has many collective nouns, including a "boil", "knot", "spiraling", "stream", and "tower" of hawks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Short-tailed Hawk

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X