Hill Myna

Gracula religiosa

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Starlings (Sturnidae)

Code 4

HIMY

Code 6

GRAREL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Hill Myna has a large range, estimated globally at 3,880,000 square kilometers. Native to Asia, this bird prefers subtropical and tropical forest ecosystems and has also been known to live on plantations. The global population of this bird is has not been quantified but does not appear to show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Hill Myna is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Hill Myna: Large, stocky, glossy black starling with bright orange bill, unique fleshy lobes of bright yellow skin behind and below eyes, and prominent white wing patch. Yellow legs and feet. Extremely vocal, mimics other birds. It is a popular cage bird, renowned for its ability to imitate speech.

 

Range and Habitat

Hill Myna: Native to eastern India, southern China, Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Introduced and successfully established in other areas, particularly Florida, Hawaii, Japan, and Puerto Rico. Prefers areas with high rainfall and humidity, such as jungles, evergreen and wet deciduous forests. Common at forest edges, clearings or thinned areas.

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Hill Myna SONGS AND CALLS

Hill Myna A1

Typical song is a variety of whistles and squeaks.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

No data available.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Hill Myna is a popular cage bird. Demand in the West outstrips breeding capacity so they are seldom found in pet stores. It is becoming rare in regions of Northeastern India due to capture for the illegal pet trade.
  • In the Garo Hills area of Assam, the locals induce the birds to breed in artificial nests put up in accessible positions at the edge of a small village.
  • The villagers are able to extract the young at the proper time for easy hand-rearing, making Hill Myna farming a profitable minor cottage industry
  • A group of mynas are collectively known as a "local" and a "statutory" of mynas.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Dwight Kirkland

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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