Great Knot

Calidris tenuirostris

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes and Allies (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

GRKN

Code 6

CALTEN

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Great Knot is a small wading species of bird which breeds in the tundra of northeastern Siberia. Nests are built on the ground in a scrape. During the winter months, the Great Knot will migrate to coastal areas of south Asia and Australia, and do so in very large flocks. Some of these birds have been seen on occasion in Western Europe as well. The diet of this species consists mostly of mollusks and insects, which are found via foraging on beaches and mudflats. The current conservation rating of the Great Knot is listed as Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Great Knot: Medium sandpiper with brown upperparts showing dark spots on crown and back, and white underparts with black spots on breast and sides. Bill is short and black. Wings show bright patch of orange-brown on coverts. Legs and feet are gray-green. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Great Knot: This species breeds in the subarctic and montane tundra habitats of northeastern Siberia. It is migratory and winters along the coast of Southeast Asia and Australia. It has very rarely observed on west coast of Alaska during its spring migration, and has also been recorded locally in Western Europe.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"nyut nyut"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Great Knot was first described by the American physician and naturalist Thomas Horsfield.
  • This bird is also known as the Great Sandpiper, the Asiatic Knot, and the Eastern Greater Knot.
  • In winter, this species forms enormous flocks, which can contain thousands of birds.
  • A group of knots are collectively known as a "cluster", "fling", and "tangle" of knots.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Great Knot

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X