Gray Hawk

Buteo plagiatus

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

GRHA

Code 6

BUTNIT

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gray Hawk is a small raptor, typically only 46 to 61 cm in length at adulthood. Its natural habitat is open country and edges of woodlands. Breeding grounds for the species are found in the southwestern United States, Mexico, Bolivia, Brazil, central Argentina, Trinidad and Tobago. Diets of the Gray Hawk consist mainly of lizards and snakes, small mammals, birds and frogs. This species sits atop high trees prior to diving or hunting while gliding. Nests are built in high trees on the edges of woodlands. Due to maintained or increasing numbers, the Gray Hawk has a current conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Gray Hawk: Small tropical hawk with uniformly pale gray upperparts and fine white barring on underparts. Cere is yellow. Tail is thickly banded black and white. Wing tips are rounded. Legs and feet are yellow. Bouyant, graceful flap-and-glide flight, soars on thermals often but not to great heights.


Range and Habitat

Gray Hawk: This species breeds in southeastern Arizona where it is restricted to tall cottonwood forests along a few streams. It may also occur in extreme southeastern New Mexico and southwestern Texas. It rarely occurs year-round in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. It is a regular resident in coastal areas of Mexico and in the Yucatan Peninsula.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kah-lee-oh"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Like many birds of prey living in deciduous woods, Gray Hawks often line their nests with fresh leafy branches.
  • A group of hawks has many collective nouns, including a "boil", "knot", "spiraling", "stream", and "tower" of hawks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Gray Hawk

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X