Eurasian Curlew

Numenius arquata

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

EUCU

Code 6

NUMARQ

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Eurasian Curlew has a large breeding range of 6,800,000 square kilometers. This includes open bogs, wet meadows, and wet grasslands in in northern and central Europe, and Russia. It winters in coastal habitats of Europe, Africa, and southern and eastern Asia, and has an estimated population of 77,000-1,065,000 individuals. It is threatened by habitat destruction on its breeding and wintering grounds as well as hunting in some areas. Because of these threats, this species has a conservation rating of Near Threatened.

SUMMARY

Overview

Eurasian Curlew: Large curlew, strongly marked underparts lack rich orange or buff tones that other long billed curlews often show. Brown upperparts. Large, decurved bill, black upper mandible, lower mandible has pink base. In flight it shows prominent white lower back, rump, and underwing linings.

 

Range and Habitat

Eurasian Curlew: This species breeds in wet fields, forest edges, and marshes across Europe and northern Asia. It winters on marine mudflats along all the coasts of Europe, Africa, and Asia. Very rarely this bird may appear along Atlantic coast of North America from Newfoundland south to Massachusetts during fall and winter.

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Eurasian Curlew SONGS AND CALLS

Eurasian Curlew E1

Rapid calls given in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"cur-li cur-li cur-li"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Eurasian Curlew is the largest wading bird found in Europe.
  • Their name is derived from the distinctive ‘curl-oo’ call that can often be heard on their wintering and breeding grounds.
  • The female normally has a longer bill than the male, but some caution is required to separate them based on this characteristic, as the difference is not always distinct.
  • A group of curlews has many collective nouns, including a "curfew", "game", "head", "salon", and "skein" of curlews.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X