Common Myna

Acridotheres tristis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Starlings (Sturnidae)

Code 4

COMY

Code 6

ACRTRI

ITIS

Egg Color:

Blue to blue green.



Number of Eggs:

2 - 6



Incubation Days:

13 - 18



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

In cavities.



Nest Material:

Sticks, debris.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Common Myna: Fairly large, stocky starling with black hood and patch of bright yellow bare skin behind eye. Overall body plumage is chocolate-brown; tip of uppertail and wing patches are white; short bristly feathers on forehead, feathers of crown and nape elongated and tapered to a point. Bill and legs are yellow. Sexes are similar; male slightly larger than female. Juvenile is duller and browner than adult, head feathers are browner and lack gloss, brown-black chin to upper breast, pale tips of rectrices are narrower and buff.

Range and Habitat

Common Myna: Native to Asia, ranging from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan eastwards through India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to China and Indochina. Has a close association with human habitation. Found wherever man is within its range. Occurs in open country, such as cultivated areas, floodplains and grasslands, also abundant in towns and cities, around parks, gardens and refuse dumps.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Myna: These birds mate for life. Their nests are quite messy. Both sexes construct an untidy collection of sticks and miscellaneous debris in any kind of hole or cavity. They lay two to six blue to blue green eggs that are incubated for 13 to 18 days by both parents. The female may lay up to three clutches over the breeding season. The young fledge in 22 to 35 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Myna: These birds are omnivores. They typically feed on the ground and are adapted for probing for food in soil, but their diet is wide ranging. They mainly eat fruits, grain, insects and grubs. Kitchen scraps, tidbits from refuse dumps, bird eggs, small animals such as baby mice, frogs, lizards, crabs and flower nectar are also part of their diet.

Vocalization

Common Myna: Extremely vocal, mimics other birds, and makes a tremendous variety of gurgles, whistles, grating or liquid notes.

Similar Species

Common Myna: Hill Myna has a black body, an orange-red bill, and yellow-orange patches of skin behind and below eyes.

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X