Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

BTGD

Code 6

LIMLIM

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Black-tailed Godwit is a large shorebird with a large breeding range of 7,180,000 square kilometers. This includes a variety of wet grassland habitats in Iceland, Europe, Scandinavia, and parts of Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and northern China. This species winters in a variety of freshwater and brackish wetlands in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, southern Asia, and Australasia, and has been recorded as a vagrant in North America. It is mostly threatened by drainage of the wetland habitats it uses for nesting, migration, and on wintering grounds, and has an estimated population of 634,000 to 805,000 individuals. The Black-tailed Godwit has a conservation rating of Near Threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-tailed Godwit: Large, tall godwit with black-barred, orange-brown body. Orange-brown head and neck, and white mark between eye and bill; combination of prominent white rump, white wing bar, and pure white underwings is unique among the godwits. Black-tipped yellow bill is long and straight.

 

Range and Habitat

Black-tailed Godwit: Found in a variety of flooded grasslands, estuaries, and exposed mudflats across northern Europe and Asia. Breeds across central Eurasia and winters in sub-Saharan Africa, southeastern Asia, Indonesia, and Australia. Occurs casually on Pribilofs and along the Atlantic Coast from Quebec to Florida.

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Black-tailed Godwit SONGS AND CALLS

Black-tailed Godwit P1

Song is a "god-WIT" or "a-wik-a-wik".

Black-tailed Godwit P2

Typical "weeka, weeka" calls from a large flock.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"vi-vi-vi", "weeka, weeka", "kerruc", "god-WIT"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Although this species occurs in Ireland and Great Britain all year round, they are not the same birds. The breeding birds depart in autumn, and are replaced in winter by the larger Icelandic race, L. l. islandica.
  • In 2006 the Black-tailed Godwit was classified as a Near Threatened species by BirdLife International due to a decline in numbers of around 25% in the previous 15 years.
  • They are monogamous and establish life-long relationships which can last up to 25 years, despite, or perhaps aided by the fact that the winters are spent around 600 miles apart.
  • A group of godwits are collectively known as an "omniscience", "pantheon", and "prayer" of godwits.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X