Common Crane

Grus grus

Order

GRUIFORMES

Family

Cranes (Gruidae)

Code 4

CCRA

Code 6

GRUGRU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Common Crane is a medium-sized bird that has also been called the Eurasian Crane. Breeding grounds for the species are found in the wetlands of northern Europe and Asia, and they mostly nest in Russia and Scandinavia. In the 17th century, the Common Crane became extinct in Great Britain, but a small population is now increasing in the Norfolk Broads. They are long-distance migrants, traveling to Africa, southern Europe and southern Asia in winter months. This species commonly eats leaves, roots, berries, insects, and small birds and mammals. The conservation rating of the Common Crane is currently Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Common Crane: Large wading bird, gray overall with a black face, chin, throat and neck; shows a patch of bare red skin on crown. Broad white stripe extends from behind eye down back of neck. Black flight feathers and short tail are visible in flight. Bill is dull yellow and legs and feet are black.

 

Range and Habitat

Common Crane: This species breeds in northern parts of Europe and western Asia. It is a long distance migrant wintering in Africa and southern Europe. In North America it appears as an accidental vagrant to central Alaska, western Canada, the Great Plains, and the Midwest. It prefers forest clearings, bogs, wetlands, fields and meadows with ponds. In migration stays on open arable land.

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Common Crane SONGS AND CALLS

Common Crane E1

Call is a loud trumpet.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

No data available.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • In Great Britain it became extinct in the 17th century, but a tiny population now breeds again in the Norfolk Broads and is slowly increasing.
  • It has a dancing display, leaping with wings uplifted.
  • The Common Crane is also known as the Eurasian Crane,
  • A group of cranes has many collective nouns, including a "construction", "dance", "sedge", "siege", and "swoop" of cranes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X