Gambel's Quail

Callipepla gambelii

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

New World Quail (Odontophoridae)

Code 4

GAQU

Code 6

CALGAM

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gambel's Quail is rated at this time as Least Concern. This rating was previously Lower Risk. The population and range of Gambel's Quail are both sufficient enough at this time to warrant a Least Concern rating. This bird is native to the United States and Mexico. The range of this bird is estimated at around half a million square kilometers. The population of Gambel's Quail is around 2 million individual birds. The population of this bird species is considered to be stable enough at this time that there are not any dangers regarding immediate population decline.

SUMMARY

Overview

Gambel's Quail: This medium-sized quail has gray upperparts and breast, scaled gray nape, black belly patch, head and plume, white-bordered black face, cinnamon-brown crown, buff underparts, and flanks streaked chestnut-brown and white. The females have a gray head and face and lack the black belly patch. Diet includes seeds and fruits. It alternates several stiff wing beats with short glides.

 

Range and Habitat

Gambel's Quail: Resident in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona and Mexico, extending into southern New Mexico, up and down the Rio Grande, up the Colorado River drainage into Utah’s canyon country, and west to California and southern Nevada. Preferred habitats include brushy and thorny vegetation of southwestern deserts.

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Gambel's Quail SONGS AND CALLS

Gambel's Quail A1

High-pitched "chip" and "ka-KAA-kaka" calls.

Gambel's Quail B1

Plaintive "urr-raah" calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Quoit", "oit", "chi-CA-go-go"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Although the Gambel's Quail is adapted to living in a dry, desert environment, it reproduces best in years with adequate rainfall.
  • They are a non-migratory species and are rarely seen in flight. Any flight is usually short and explosive, with many rapid wingbeats followed by a slow glide to the ground.
  • This quail was named for William Gambel, the American naturalist and collector.
  • A group of quails has many collective nouns, including a "battery", "drift", "flush", "rout", and "shake" of quails.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X