Inca Dove

Columbina inca

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

INDO

Code 6

COLINC

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Inca Dove is native to Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Honduras. It is also sometimes a visitor to Canada and Belize. The range of this bird species is almost 3 million square kilometers. The population of the Inca Dove is estimated at almost 2 million individuals. The previous rating for the Inca Dove was Lower Risk. That rating was downgraded to Least Concern due to the size of the population and range of the Inca Dove. At this time there are not any threats facing the Inca Dove.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Inca Dove: Small dove with scaled, pale gray-brown upperparts, white throat, and scaled, pale buff (often with pink wash) underparts. The tail is long and squared with a black-bordered gray center and edged in white. Black bill, pink legs and feet. Direct flight with rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Inca Dove: This species is a resident across the southern U.S. from southern California and Nevada east to Louisiana and south throughout Mexico. Frequents open country with scattered trees or scrubby growth, generally in arid or semi-arid locations around cultivated areas, farmlands, parks, and gardens.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"coe-coo", "whoo-oo-whoo", "no-hope", "cut-cut-ca-doo-ca-doo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Despite being named after the Inca Empire, the Inca Dove does not occur in any of the lands that constituted that region.
  • Because they fly directly to water, with no searching about, early west Texas travelers would often watch doves to locate water holes.
  • During winter, they roost in communal huddles in a pyramid formation that helps them conserve heat. These pyramids can contain up to 12 birds.
  • A group of doves has many collective nouns, including a "bevy", "cote", "dole", "dule", and "flight" of doves.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Inca Dove

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X