Common Redshank

Tringa totanus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

COMR

Code 6

TRITOT

ITIS

Egg Color:

Buff marked with black, brown or purple gray



Number of Eggs:

4



Incubation Days:

23 - 24



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Grassy tussock., Lined with fine plant material.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Common Redshank: Large sandpiper with scaled black and brown upperparts, dark-streaked neck and breast, white eye-ring broken in front, and pale belly and sides with dark chevrons. Wings are dark with thick, white trailing edges visible in flight. Long legs are orange-red. Bill is short and red with black tip. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Common Redshank: Widespread across temperate Eurasia. Migratory species, wintering on coasts around the Mediterranean, on the Atlantic coast of Europe from Great Britain southwards, and in South Asia. Accidental in Newfoundland. Preferred habitats include mudflats, grassy fields, and wetlands, from damp meadows to salt marshes.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Redshank: Four buff eggs marked with black, brown, or purple gray are laid on the ground in a shallow hollow of a grassy tussock. Nest is lined with fine plant material. Incubation ranges from 23 to 24 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Redshank: Eats small fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and insects.

Vocalization

Common Redshank: Common call is a musical, down-slurred "tleu-hu-hu." Also produces high-pitched "twek-twek," or a "ti-you" when alarmed.

Similar Species

Common Redshank: Spotted Redshank has black-and-white spots on upperparts, gray mottling on secondaries, white rump, and longer, dark red legs.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X