Black Guillemot

Cepphus grylle

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

BLGU

Code 6

CEPGRY

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black Guillemot is native to countries that border the North Atlantic. The range of this bird is estimated to be fairly large, covering up to 10 million square kilometers, and the population is estimated to range from 400,000 to 700,000 individual birds. At the current time, the population of this bird is not thought to be nearing possible population decline in the next several years. Currently, the Black Guillemot has a rating of Least Concern, downgraded from a prior Lower Risk rating.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Black Guillemot Adult: Medium-sized seabird, black body with a large white wing patch and a dark, pointed bill. In flight white auxillaries and underwing linings are visible. Legs and feet are red. It flies low over the water with rapid wing beats. The inside of their mouth is bright orange.

 

Range and Habitat

Black Guillemot: Breeds from Arctic Alaska and Canada south along Atlantic coast to Maine, along the Hudson Bay, and coastal Greenland. Spends winters south to the Bering Sea and Long Island (rarely). It also winters in northern Europe, Scandinavia, and Alaska. Preferred habitats include rocky coasts.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"peeee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Black Guillemots’ are also called Sea Pigeons or Murres.
  • Oil spills and pollution along coasts are detrimental to this bird.
  • They can dive to 165 feet deep.
  • A group of guillemots are collectively known as a "bazaar" and a "loomery" of guillemots.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X