Xantus's Hummingbird

Hylocharis xantusii

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

XAHU

Code 6

HYLXAN

ITIS

Egg Color:

Dull white



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14 - 16



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 12 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Seeds, plant, dry flower heads, lichen.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



SPONSORED ADVERTISEMENTS

General

Xantus's Hummingbird: Small hummingbird with glittering green upperparts, head, throat, and breast, black face with distinct white stripe behind eye, and cinnamon-brown belly. Squared tail is rufous. Female is duller and lacks black face and green on throat.

Range and Habitat

Xantus's Hummingbird: Rare to accidental in southern half of the peninsula of Baja California. Normally found in Mexico (Purissima south to San Jose del Cabo). Has been documented in southern California and British Columbia. Preferred habitats include arid to semiarid scrub, open brushy forests, and gardens.

Breeding and Nesting

Xantus's Hummingbird: Two dull white eggs are laid in a nest made of seeds, plant down, and dried flower heads, covered with lichens, and built from 4 to 12 feet above ground in a tree. Incubation ranges from 14 to 16 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Xantus's Hummingbird: Eats nectar and insects, forages low to mid-level.

Vocalization

Xantus's Hummingbird: Song is a low clear "tink, tink, tink", resembling a small bell. The call is "chi-tiik."

Similar Species

Xantus's Hummingbird: White-eared Hummingbird has dark green upperparts, black ear patch, and no rufous in tail, purple chin and crown, and white belly; female has white throat with streaks and green dots, and pale green underparts.

.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X