Smooth-billed Ani

Crotophaga ani

Order

CUCULIFORMES

Family

Cuckoos, Roadrunners and Anis (Cuculidae)

Code 4

SBAN

Code 6

CROANI

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Smooth-billed Ani is a large bird, and a member of the cuckoo family. This species is a permanent resident in most of its warm habitat. It prefers to breed in southern Florida, the West Indies, Costa Rica, Trinidad and Tobago, southern and western Ecuador, Brazil, northern Argentina and the Bahamas. The Smooth-billed Ani’s habitat includes open or semi-open country and areas of cultivated land. Nests are deep cups built in high trees. Typical diets consist of termites, insects, lizards, frogs and ticks. The conservation status of the Smooth-billed Ani is currently listed as Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Smooth-billed Ani: Medium-sized, shaggy bird, black overall with bronze overtones, thick bill and long tail, often bobbed, wagged, and held beneath body. Feathers on upper breast and back are lined with iridescent silver and are scaled. Flight is slow and weak,often low to the ground.

 

Range and Habitat

Smooth-billed Ani: This species is a resident in southern Florida, throughout the West Indies, the extreme eastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula, and is also found in American tropics. Preferred habitats include open agricultural country, often near cattle or other livestock; also found in scrub and thickets.

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Smooth-billed Ani SONGS AND CALLS

Smooth-billed Ani C1

"Ah-nee" calls given in flight, then while perched.

Smooth-billed Ani C2

Typical call is a rising "ah-nee" or "que-lick".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kweeeelik", "weu-ick, weu-ick"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • It is an old Surinamese belief that the disagreeable meat of the ani is a good cure for asthmatic sufferings. The patient was not supposed to know what he was eating, otherwise the medicine would not be effective.
  • The nest of the Smooth-billed Ani is built communally by several pairs. Eggs are laid by several females, deposited in layers separated by leaves or grass.
  • Up to 30 eggs have been found in one nest. Those at the bottom do not hatch. The females share incubation, often two or more brooding simultaneously.
  • A group of anis are collectively known as a "cooch", "orphanage", and "silliness" of anis.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X