Oriental Cuckoo

Cuculus optatus

Order

CUCULIFORMES

Family

Cuckoos, Roadrunners and Anis (Cuculidae)

Code 4

ORCU

Code 6

CUCOPT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Oriental Cuckoo has a gigantic range extending from Asia and Australia to Europe and even vagrant populations in the United States. The species is migratory and seasonal variations occur in populations. This bird can be found primarily in forested habitats, but also appears in shrublands as well. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 500,000 to 1,000,000 individual birds. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Oriental Cuckoo have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Oriental Cuckoo: Medium-sized cuckoo with gray upperparts, gray throat, and distinctly barred breast. Wings and long tail are dark gray. Bill is decurved and yellow with dark tip. Feeds on caterpillars, insects and their larvae. Flies low to the ground, holds wings low during flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Oriental Cuckoo: Breeding from Siberia to the Himalayas, across Southeast Asia, southern China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan. Over winter they migrate to the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, northern and eastern Australia, and occasionally as far as New Zealand. Also appeared as a vagrant species in the Ukraine, Israel and Alaska. Usually found in forests.

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Oriental Cuckoo SONGS AND CALLS

Oriental Cuckoo EE1

Song is a repeated "hoop, hoop" with the first note higher than the second.

Oriental Cuckoo E1

Calls given in flight.

Similar Sounding

Common Cuckoo JJ1

Song is a repeated "cuck-oo".


Voice Text

"do-do-do-do", "hoop,hoop"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Oriental Cuckoo is also known as Horsfield's Cuckoo.
  • It was formerly classified as a subspecies of the Himalayan Cuckoo but differences in voice and size suggest that it should be treated as a separate species.
  • The exact extent of its wintering range is uncertain due to its secretive habits and the difficulty of separating it from the Himalayan Cuckoo and other similar species.
  • A group of cuckoos are collectively known as a "cooch" and an "asylum" of cuckoos.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X