Groove-billed Ani

Crotophaga sulcirostris

Order

CUCULIFORMES

Family

Cuckoos, Roadrunners and Anis (Cuculidae)

Code 4

GBAN

Code 6

CROSUL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Groove-billed Ani has a large range, estimated globally at 2,600,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas, this bird prefers a shrubland, grassland, or wetland ecosystem, though it sometimes resides in degraded former forests as well. The population of the bird is estimated at 500,000 to 5,000,000 individuals globally and has not shown signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of current population trends, the Groove-billed Ani has an evaluation status of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Groove-billed Ani: Medium-sized black bird with iridescent blue and green overtones, with a very long tail (half the length of the bird). Bill is huge, with arched ridge and narrow grooves. Feeds on insects, ticks, spiders, lizards, fruits, berries and seeds. Flies low to the ground.

 

Range and Habitat

Groove-billed Ani: Breeds along the Rio Grande river valley and is a resident in much of central and southern Mexico. Migratory birds winter along the Gulf Coast to Florida. Preferred habitats include semi-open habitats, avoiding unbroken forests, including overgrown fields, thickets, and woodland edges.

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Groove-billed Ani SONGS AND CALLS

Groove-billed Ani EE1

Rapid series of "tijo" calls given in alarm.

Groove-billed Ani S1

Typical call is a two syllable "tijo".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"TEE-hoe", "wee-cup"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Groove-billed Ani lives in small groups of one to five breeding pairs. They defend a single territory and lay their eggs in one communal nest. All group members incubate the eggs and care for the young.
  • In flight, their long tail, which appears as if on a hinge, swings up and down and from side to side like a pendulum, and looks as though it might drop off.
  • Its membership in the cuckoo family is revealed by its two-toes-foreward, two-toes-back foot arrangement.
  • A group of anis are collectively known as a "cooch", "orphanage", and "silliness" of anis.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X