Groove-billed Ani

Crotophaga sulcirostris

Order

CUCULIFORMES

Family

Cuckoos, Roadrunners and Anis (Cuculidae)

Code 4

GBAN

Code 6

CROSUL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale blue



Number of Eggs:

3 - 4



Incubation Days:

13 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

5 - 15 feet above ground., In thorny shrub.



Nest Material:

Sticks., Lined with fresh vegetation.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Groove-billed Ani: Medium-sized black bird with iridescent blue and green overtones, with a very long tail (half the length of the bird). Bill is huge, with arched ridge and narrow grooves. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Groove-billed Ani: Breeds along the Rio Grande river valley and is a resident in much of central and southern Mexico. Migratory birds winter along the Gulf Coast to Florida. Preferred habitats include semi-open habitats, avoiding unbroken forests, including overgrown fields, thickets, and woodland edges.

Breeding and Nesting

Groove-billed Ani: Three to four pale blue eggs are laid in a nest made of sticks, lined with fresh vegetation, and built from 5 to 15 feet above the ground in a low tree or shrub. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents; alpha male may incubate at night.

Foraging and Feeding

Groove-billed Ani: Forages by following livestock to catch insects disturbed by grazing; sometimes picks ticks from the backs of cattle. Also takes fruits, berries, small lizards, frogs, and snakes.

Vocalization

Groove-billed Ani: Song is a soft, gurgling "TEE-hoe", repeated from 10 to 12 times. Call is a rollicking "wee-cup."

Similar Species

Groove-billed Ani: Smooth-billed Ani has a larger bill with a smooth curvature to the bill angle and grooves, and different voice. Common Grackle has long, pointed bill, pale eyes, and male has long, keeled tail.

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Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X