Arizona Woodpecker

Picoides arizonae




Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

3 - 4

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

9 - 50 feet above ground., In dead branch of tree, or cactus.

Nest Material:

Bark chips.





Arizona Woodpecker: Small woodpecker with brown upperparts and heavily spotted and barred white underparts. Forehead and crown are brown, nape patch is red, and neck patch is white. Face is white with a large, brown cheek patch, creating white eyebrow and line from bill to neck. Female and juvenile are similar but lack red napes.

Range and Habitat

Arizona Woodpecker: Occurs in the mountains of extreme southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. Range extends southward into Mexico through Sierra Madre Occidental of Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Durango, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Zacatecas, and Michoaca. Frequents open oak or pine-oak woodlands or sycamores in canyons.

Breeding and Nesting

Arizona Woodpecker: Three to four white eggs are laid in a cavity nest made of bark chips and built from 9 to 50 feet above the ground, usually in a dead branch of a living tree, primarily walnuts, oaks, maples, and sycamores. Both parents incubate eggs for 14 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Arizona Woodpecker: Eats insects, especially beetle larvae, fruits, and acorns; forages by flying to base of tree, working up trunk and onto smaller branches, and then flying to base of next tree.


Arizona Woodpecker: Song is an abrasive, shrill "peek" or "chick." Call is a repeated, nasal "chriek-a."

Similar Species

Arizona Woodpecker: Ladder-backed Woodpecker has black-outlined, buff ear patches, and white bars and spots on black upperparts; male's crown is completely red. Hairy Woodpecker has white underparts, white back and unmarked white outer tail feathers.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Neck patchX
A sac located on the neck that is inflatable and is only visible in males during courtship displays.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X