Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

CANG

Code 6

BRACAN

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2017 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Canada Goose is native to several countries other than Canada and has been introduced to several others. Prior to 2006, this bird species was not recognized. It is now currently evaluated as Least Concern. The breeding range of this bird is fairly large, covering portions of the northern United States and the Canadian tundra. It winters in southern North America. The population of this bird is estimated to be around 10 million individual birds. Hunting is a threat and has reduced the population, but not enough for there to be imminent concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Canada Goose: This long-necked goose has a large gray-brown body, large webbed feet and a wide flat bill. It has dark upperparts, paler underparts, a white vent, cheeks and chinstrap, and a black head and neck. Strong deep wing beats. Strong powerful direct flight. Flies in a in V formation in migration. Feeds on grasses, sedges, berries and seeds. Sexes are similar, but males are larger.

 

Range and Habitat

Canada Goose: Breeds from Alaska east to Baffin Island and south to California, Oklahoma, and Georgia. Spends winters south to northern Mexico and the Gulf coast; it is also a widespread resident in city parks and on reservoirs. Preferred habitats include lakes, bays, rivers, marshes, and stubble fields.

whatbird search for your browser

Canada Goose SONGS AND CALLS

Canada Goose C1

Calls from a small group.

Canada Goose R1

Calls given in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Cackle" or "honk-a-lonk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Researchers have identified about 13 different calls from Canada Geese. These vary including loud greeting/alarm calls and soft sounds from feeding geese.
  • While their eggs are incubating females lose their flight feathers, so they cannot fly until after their eggs hatch.
  • A group of geese has many collective nouns, including a "gaggle", "blizzard", "chevron", "knot", "plump", and "string" of geese.
  • At least 11 subspecies of Canada Goose have been recognized and as of 2004 some of the smaller subspecies were designated their own species such as the Cackling Goose.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X