House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Sparrows (Passeridae)

Code 4

HOSP

Code 6

PASDOM

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The House Sparrow is rated as Least Concern. The range of this bird species is around 10 million square kilometers at this time. The population of the House Sparrow is extremely large. It is estimated that the population of this bird in Europe alone could be as large as 270 million individual birds, not including its population in many other parts of the world. The prior rating for this bird species was Lower Risk. Due to the extremely large range and population of this bird species there are no immediate concerns.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

House Sparrow: This medium-sized stocky sparrow has black-streaked brown upperparts, pale gray underparts, brown wings with a single white bar, pale gray cheeks and crown, black throat, upper breast, and a short, thick, black conical bill. Female lacks black and is pale gray-brown overall with buff eyebrows. Feeds mostly on grains and seeds. Agile fliers with an undulating flight pattern.


Range and Habitat

House Sparrow: Native to Britain, northern Scandinavia, and northern Siberia to northern Africa, Arabia, India, and Burma. Introduced and established worldwide, except in Antarctica; common resident throughout must of temperate North America. Preferred habitats include cities, towns, and agricultural areas.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"cheep-cheep-cheep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • These birds return to their birthplace after every migration (a characteristic known as philopatric). Because of this, local populations have adapted to the color of their habitat resulting in 15 distinct subspecies in the West.
  • In Japan the sparrow is traditionally a symbol of loyalty, perhaps because of its socialable nature and how it gets along in large numbers.
  • The Old Testament Bible associates the symbol of the sparrow with loneliness and solitude, while the New Testament views it as a sign of insignificance. Poor House Sparrow.
  • A group of house sparrows are collectively known as a "blight", "humiliation", and "subdivision" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for House Sparrow

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X