Gray Kingbird

Tyrannus dominicensis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

GRAK

Code 6

TYRDOM

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pink to buff with brown, lavender and gray marks



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

16 - 18



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 50 feet above ground., In trees on horizontal branch.



Nest Material:

Grasses, twigs, and roots.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Gray Kingbird: Large flycatcher with gray upperparts, black mask, inconspicuous red crown patch, and mostly white underparts with pale yellow wash on belly and undertail coverts. Bill is long and black. Wings and notched tail are dark. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Gray Kingbird: This species breeds in coastal regions of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, the northern edge of the Gulf coast, and the West Indies. Spends winters in the tropics of Central and South America. Preferred habitats include coastal areas, including mangrove thickets and small groves of palms or oaks.

Breeding and Nesting

Gray Kingbird: Three to five pink to buff eggs with brown, lavender, and gray marks are laid in a flimsy cup nest made of grass, twigs, and roots, and built on a horizontal branch 4 to 50 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 16 to 18 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Gray Kingbird: Catches flying insects low over water surface; sometimes catches food on the ground or in foliage. Sometimes hovers briefly when foraging for insects, fruits, berries, and small lizards.

Vocalization

Gray Kingbird: Call is an insect-like "peCheer-ry" with accent on a second syllable. Also gives a harsh, trill "trii-ill-ill-it."

Similar Species

Gray Kingbird: Eastern Kingbird has a smaller bill, rounded black tail with white terminal band, black head without mask, white underparts with gray wash across breast, and different voice.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X