Yellow-eyed Junco

Junco phaeonotus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

YEJU

Code 6

JUNPHA

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Yellow-eyed Junco has a large range reaching up to around 470,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in Guatemala, Mexico and the United States. Its preferred terrain are subtropical and tropical forests, shrublands and grasslands. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around five to fifty million individual birds. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Yellow-eyed Junco have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Yellow-eyed Junco: Medium sparrow with rufous back and upperwings, pale gray rump and head, and pale gray underparts. Bright yellow eyes contrast with faint mask. The belly is white; tail is dark gray with white outer tail feathers. Bill has black upper mandible and pink lower mandible.


Range and Habitat

Yellow-eyed Junco: Range is primarily in Mexico, extending into some of the mountains of the southern tips of the United States of Arizona and New Mexico. Not generally migratory, but sometimes moves to nearby lower elevations during winter. Preferred habitats include coniferous forests and pine-oak woods.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"weedle-weedle-weedle", "che-che-che-che-wee", "tseek"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Yellow-eyed Junco was first described in 1831 by Johann Georg Wagler, a German herpetologist.
  • It is the only North American junco with yellow eyes.
  • They are locally abundant, sedentary, and philopatric, and they adapt well to captivity. These traits make this an exceptional species for behavioral studies.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Yellow-eyed Junco

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X