Mexican Chickadee

Poecile sclateri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice and Chickadees (Paridae)

Code 4

MECH

Code 6

POESCL

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red brown spots



Number of Eggs:

5 - 8



Incubation Days:

11 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

5 - 45 feet above ground., In trees or snag.



Nest Material:

Fine grasses, bark strips, moss, plant down., Lined with animal fur.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Mexican Chickadee: Small chickadee with gray upperparts, sides, and undertail coverts, black cap and bib, white cheeks, and white lower breast and belly. Wings and tail are gray. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Mexican Chickadee: This species is a resident from extreme southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico south along the mountains of western Mexico, and also occurs locally in central Mexico. Some individuals migrate to lower elevations within their range in winter. Their preferred habitats include coniferous or pine-oak forests at high altitudes.

Breeding and Nesting

Mexican Chickadee: Five to eight white eggs with red-brown spots are laid in a nest made of fine grass, bark strips, moss, and plant down, lined with animal fur, and built from 5 to 45 feet above the ground in a snag or tree. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Mexican Chickadee: Eats insects, spiders, arthropod egg cases, and seeds from conifers and other plants; clings under branches or pinecones when foraging, or gleans trunks, branches, and foliage.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed

Vocalization

Mexican Chickadee: Song is a short, clear trilled whistle "chischu-wur" and a rich "cheellee"; also "chick-a-dee-dee-dee." Call is a husky, buzzing "chi-pi-tit."

Similar Species

Mexican Chickadee: Mountain Chickadee has white eyebrow. Black-capped Chickadee has pale olive-brown wash on sides, flanks, and undertail coverts, smaller black bib (does not reach breast), and has more white edging on wing feathers.

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X