Mountain Chickadee

Poecile gambeli

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice and Chickadees (Paridae)

Code 4

MOCH

Code 6

POEGAM

ITIS

Egg Color:

White, sometimes with red brown spots



Number of Eggs:

5 - 12



Incubation Days:

11 - 12



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 8 feet above ground., In conifer, deciduous tree, nest box or snag.



Nest Material:

Moss, Lined with animal fur, feathers, shredded bark.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Mountain Chickadee: Medium-sized chickadee with gray upperparts, black cap and bib, white eyebrows, cheeks and nape, and pale gray underparts. Wings and tail are gray. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Mountain Chickadee: Resident from interior British Columbia south through Rocky Mountain and Cascade-Sierra chains to southern California and Texas. Preferred habitats include dry coniferous forests. During the summer can also be found in high-elevation aspen forests. In winter, sometimes inhabits juniper stands and river bottoms.

Breeding and Nesting

Mountain Chickadee: Five to twelve white eggs, sometimes with red brown spots, are laid in a nest made of coarse materials such as moss, lined with plant material including grass, moss, feathers, and hair, and built in a tree or snag from 1 to 23 feet above the ground, or in a nest box. Incubation ranges from 11 to 12 days and is carried out by both parents

Foraging and Feeding

Mountain Chickadee: Eats insects, spiders, eggs of both, conifer seeds, and berries; gleans food from foliage and tree bark, often by hanging upside down.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed

Vocalization

Mountain Chickadee: Song is a three or four note downward whistle of "fee-bee-bay" or "fee-bee-fee-bee." Call is a throaty "chick-adee-adee-adee."

Similar Species

Mountain Chickadee: Bridled Titmouse has a tuft and black line encircling the face, connecting the eye-line with the bib. Black-capped Chickadee lacks white eyebrow, lower edge of black bib more ragged, and has pale olive-brown wash on sides, flanks, and lower belly.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X