Boreal Chickadee

Poecile hudsonicus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice and Chickadees (Paridae)

Code 4

BOCH

Code 6

POEHUD

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red brown specks



Number of Eggs:

4 - 9



Incubation Days:

14 - 18



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

1-10 feet above ground., In live or dead conifer or used woodpecker hole.



Nest Material:

Bark strips, mosses, plant down, lichen, animal fur and hair.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Boreal Chickadee: Large chickadee with brown upperparts, dark brown cap, small black bib, gray face and neck, white cheek, rufous sides, and white underparts. Wings and tail are gray. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Boreal Chickadee: Resident species from northern Alaska east to Labrador and Newfoundland, and south to the northern edge of the U.S. from Washington to Maine. Occasionally wanders farther southward during winter, and had been recorded as far south as Pennsylvania. Usually found in coniferous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Boreal Chickadee: Four to nine white eggs with red brown specks are laid in a cavity nest made of decaying wood, grass, moss, and animal hair, usually from 1 to 15 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 14 to 18 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Boreal Chickadee: Eats variety of insects, insect eggs, and seeds. Mostly forages in conifers.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed

Vocalization

Boreal Chickadee: Song is short and warbled. Call is a drawling "chick-a-dee-dee-dee" or "chick-chee-day-day."

Similar Species

Boreal Chickadee: Gray-headed Chickadee has more white on cheeks, gray-brown cap, longer tail, paler flanks, and gray-brown upperparts. Black-capped Chickadee has black cap, pale gray upperparts, large white cheek patch extending onto hind neck, and white-edged tertials and secondaries.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X