Cactus Wren

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Code 4

CACW

Code 6

CAMBRU

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Cactus Wren is native to Mexico and the United States. The range of the Cactus wren is nearing 2 million square kilometers. The global population of this species of bird is believed to be almost 9 million individual birds. At the current time, there are no immediate concerns regarding possible threats that might reduce the population or the range of the Cactus Wren. It is rated currently as Least Concern, downgraded from a prior Lower Risk rating.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Cactus Wren: The Interior adult has black-and-white streaked reddish-brown back, dark crown with distinctive white stripe over eye, white chin, and heavily spotted white underparts with buff wash on sides and belly. Wings and tail are dark with white bars on sides. Bill is long and slightly decurved. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has fewer and paler breast spots and shorter tail. The Coastal adult is similar to the Interior adult with a darker wash on sides and belly.


Range and Habitat

Cactus Wren: Resident of arid and semi-arid regions in the southwestern United States, including southern California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas, extending south to central Mexico. Preferred habitats include deserts dominated by cholla cacti and other succulent cacti, spiny trees, and shrubs, with high temperatures, low humidity, and scarce water.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"guah guah guah guah guah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • It has been the state bird of Arizona since 1931.
  • Nests are built high in thorny trees and shrubs with only a narrow side entrance. In this way the birds take advantage of the plants’ natural defenses for their own protection.
  • The Cactus Wren builds many nests as decoys but actually lives in just one of them. Additional nests built by males may be used to rear second and even third broods.
  • A group of wrens has many collective nouns, including a "chime", "flight", "flock", and "herd" of wrens.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Cactus Wren

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X