Brown-headed Nuthatch

Sitta pusilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Code 4

BHNU

Code 6

SITPUS

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red brown speckles



Number of Eggs:

3 - 9



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

2 - 15 feet above ground., In a dead tree or fence post, or under loose bark.



Nest Material:

Soft bark shreds, wood chips, grasses, wool, hair, feathers.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Medium-sized nuthatch with gray upperparts, brown cap, small, white nape patch, dark eye-line, white face, and buff underparts. Wings and tail are gray. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Found in southeastern United States, extending east from southeastern Oklahoma and eastern Texas across central Arkansas, Tennessee, and the Gulf Coast states, to southern Maryland and Delaware, Virginia, south to southern Florida; also found in the Bahamas on Grand Bahamas. Endemic to the pine ecosystems.

Breeding and Nesting

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Three to nine white eggs with red brown speckles are laid in a cavity nest made of soft bark shreds, wood chips, grass, wool, hair, and feathers, and built from 2 to 12 feet above the ground in a dead or live tree, bird box, stump, or old post. Female incubates eggs for about 14 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Eats pine seeds, insects, and spiders. Forages over, around, and up and down branches, small twigs, and trunks, sometimes hanging upside down; caches seeds.

Readily Eats

Nut Meats, Sunflower Seed, Sunflower Seeds (hulled)

Vocalization

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Song is "pri-u, de-u, de-u", like a squeaky toy. Call is a squeaky "bit-bit-bit" or "dee-dee-dee."

Similar Species

Brown-headed Nuthatch: White-breasted Nuthatch is larger and has black cap. Red-breasted Nuthatch has black cap and eyestripe and rust-brown underparts.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X