Brown-headed Nuthatch

Sitta pusilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Code 4

BHNU

Code 6

SITPUS

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brown-headed Nuthatch is native to the United States, Turks and Caicos and the Bahamas. This bird has a range of almost 1 million square kilometers. The population of the Brown-headed Nuthatch is thought to be around 1.5 million individual birds. In 2004, the evaluation rating of the Brown-headed Nuthatch was changed from Lower Risk to Least Concern as a result of its large population. At this time there is no concern that the population of the Brown-headed Nuthatch will be in danger of decrease.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Medium nuthatch, gray upperparts, brown cap, small, white nape patch, dark eye-line, white face, buff underparts. Wings and tail are gray. Legs and feet are black. Weak fluttering flight of short duration, alternates rapid wing beats with wings drawn to sides.


Range and Habitat

Brown-headed Nuthatch: Found in southeastern United States, extending east from southeastern Oklahoma and eastern Texas across central Arkansas, Tennessee, and the Gulf Coast states, to southern Maryland and Delaware, Virginia, south to southern Florida; also found in the Bahamas on Grand Bahamas. Endemic to the pine ecosystems.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"pri-u, de-u, de-u", "bit-bit-bit", "dee-dee-dee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Brown-headed Nuthatch is one of only a few bird species in the world known to use tools. By holding a small piece of bark in its bill, they pry open bark on trees to expose insects.
  • Their population has decreased by 2 percent per year, a 45 percent decline over the last 35 years.
  • They are one of the few birds found almost exclusively in the United States.
  • A group of nuthatches are collectively known as a "jar" of nuthatches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Brown-headed Nuthatch

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X