Steller's Jay

Cyanocitta stelleri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Code 4

STJA

Code 6

CYASTE

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Steller’s Jay is found mainly in western North America, and is related to the Blue Jay found throughout the same continent. This is the only crested jay found west of the Rocky Mountains. These birds are found in Alaska, Central America and southwestern areas of Texas. Their preferred habitat includes coniferous and mixed forests, but still requires open spaces. This species also lives in flocks of more than 10. Diets typically consist of seeds, nuts, berries, fruit, invertebrates, eggs, small rodents, acorns and conifer seeds. The current conservation rating of the Steller’s Jay is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Steller's Jay: Large crested jay with a black head and crest and a blue body. Head has slight white eyebrow, forehead, and chin spots. Wings and tail are blue with black bars. Feeds on pine seeds, acorns, fruit, frogs, snakes, carrion, insects and eggs and young of other birds.


Range and Habitat

Steller's Jay: Largely a resident from coastal southern Alaska east through British Columbia and southward from the Pacific Coast to the Rocky Mountains, south through Mexico and into Central America. Wanders further east during winters, as far as western Kansas. Preferred habitats include coniferous or deciduous forests.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"shaack, shaack, shaack", "shooka, shooka"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Steller's Jay and the Blue Jay are the only New World jays that use mud in the construction of their nests.
  • Although the reason is not known, they are occasionally observed far outside their normal range. Most of these far-flung individuals appear to be young birds.
  • They form flocks outside of the nesting season and often fly across clearings in single file.
  • A group of jays has many collective nouns, including a "band", "cast", "party", and "scold" of jays.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Steller's Jay

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X