Pine Siskin

Spinus pinus




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Green blue with brown and black spots at large end

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

10 - 50 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Bark, moss, feathers, and fur.





Pine Siskin: Small finch with brown-streaked body. Wings have small patches of yellow and two white wing-bars. Tail is dark, notched, and has small yellow patches. Bill is slender and pointed. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Pine Siskin: Breeds from southern Alaska, the Northwest Territories, Quebec, and Newfoundland south to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Great Lakes region, and northern New England; wanders southward throughout the U.S. during winter. Preferred habitats include coniferous and deciduous forests, woodlands, parks, alder thickets, and brushy pastures.

Breeding and Nesting

Pine Siskin: Three to five green blue eggs with black and brown spots at large end are laid in a shallow nest made of bark, twigs, and moss. Nest is usually built in a conifer branch 10 to 50 feet above the ground, far out from the trunk. Eggs are incubated for approximately 13 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Pine Siskin: Eats seeds of alders, birches, spruce, and other trees; also feeds on thistle and other weed seeds, forbs, buds, insects, and spiders. Attracted to salt licks and salt treated highways in the winter; sometimes drinks sap at drill wells created by sapsuckers; forages in trees and on the ground.

Readily Eats

Suet, Millet, Thistle, Sunflower Seeds (hulled)


Pine Siskin: Song is a husky, twittering warble, rising and falling in pitch and interspersed with a rapid ascending "ZZZzzzzzzzzzrree", which sounds like the equivalent of a bird with a chainsaw.

Similar Species

Pine Siskin: Female House Finch lacks yellow on body and has a squared tail.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X