Florida Scrub-Jay

Aphelocoma coerulescens

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Code 4

FLSJ

Code 6

APHCOE

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Florida Scrub-Jay is evaluated as Vulnerable at this time. This is due to a range that is fragmented and rather small. This bird is limited to Florida. Human disturbance and urban development are the primary threats facing this bird species. While the range of this bird once included almost all of Florida, it is now limited to just six counties. The population is estimated at around 4,000 breeding pairs. This bird has faced serious decline since the mid-20th century. In the last twenty years, the Florida Scrub-Jay has experienced a 25% decrease in population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Florida Scrub-Jay: Medium, crestless jay with gray upperparts and underparts, blue head, and pale eyebrows. Throat is gray and breast has blue-gray streaks. The wings and tail are blue. Bill, legs and feet are black. Direct flight with steady bouyant wing beats. Glides between perches.

 

Range and Habitat

Florida Scrub-Jay: Occur from the Florida panhandle through central Florida. Florida scrub jays previously occupied most of the counties of peninsular Florida, they are currently found from Flagler, Marion, and Citrus counties in the north to Collier, Glades, and Palm Beach counties in the south. Lives mainly in scrub woodlands. Prefer thickets of sand pine and scrub oak.

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Florida Scrub-Jay SONGS AND CALLS

Florida Scrub-Jay C1

Typical call is a loud "wheep".

Florida Scrub-Jay C2

"Wheep" calls given at close range.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Quay-quay-quay", "cheek-cheek-cheek"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Florida Scrub-Jay is the only species of bird to be exclusively found in the state of Florida. There are several groups in Florida lobbying for it to become the state bird in place of the Northern Mockingbird.
  • Males and females are not visually distinguishable, but females have a unique “hiccup” vocalization.
  • Fledglings usually stay near to where they hatched as “helpers”, forming cooperative family groups. They assist in feeding other nestlings, defending the family territory from other scrub-jay groups and watching for predators.
  • A group of jays has many collective nouns, including a "band", "cast", "party", and "scold" of jays.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X