Cassin's Vireo

Vireo cassinii




Vireos (Vireonidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Creamy white with black and brown speckles

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

11 - 12

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

4 - 30 feet above ground., In a low horizontal fork of a tree branch.

Nest Material:

Twigs, fine grasses, stems., Lined with finer grasses and hair.





Cassin's Vireo: Small vireo with olive-gray upperparts, white underparts, and pale yellow flanks. Head is gray with white eye-ring that extends to brow. Wings are dark with two white bars. Female is slightly duller. Juvenile has less gray on crown and sides of head.

Range and Habitat

Cassin's Vireo: Breeds from British Columbia and southwestern Alberta south to central Idaho and along the west coast to southern California. Most migrate to southern and central Mexico in the winter, but a small number spend it in southeastern Arizona. Prefers dry, open forests in mountains and foothills.

Breeding and Nesting

Cassin's Vireo: Three to five creamy white eggs with black and brown speckles are laid in a nest made of twigs, fine grass, and stems, lined with finer grass and hair, and built 4 to 30 feet above the ground in a tree or bush. Incubation ranges from 11 to 12 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Cassin's Vireo: Eats insects and fruits. Forages high in trees by gleaning food from bark, branches, or foliage, sometimes hovering briefly to pick food off vegetation or catch insects in flight.


Cassin's Vireo: Song is a mixed jumble of hesitant phrases, punctuated by short deliberate pauses, often repeated.

Similar Species

Cassin's Vireo: Plumbeous Vireo has gray upperparts and sides.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X